You can connect a lot of different sensors to the EV3 bricks. In the following you will be introduced to the most common ones, that you are probably going to need when participating in the RoboLab.
The color sensor can measure light intensity and color values.
There are a number of modes that the sensor can use.
Make sure to pick one that is suitable for your task.
For best results, it is recommended to create a shield to cover the sensor and keep the distance between 8-12mm to the object.
Continuous, fast changes of the sensing mode can slow down your robot and may lead to instabilities or crashes. Therefore, it is recommended to stick with one.
Pretty much no sensor returns accurate colors, so we prepared an example-measurement for all sensors.
The graph resulted from moving the sensor over colors in the following order: White, Red, White, Blue, White, Black, White, Black, Yellow (unused), Black, White.
Please note that these are just examples and own measurements are very advisable.
This mode returns the estimated color. It is fairly limited as just 8 different values are distinguished.
import ev3dev.ev3 as ev3 cs = ev3.ColorSensor() cs.mode = 'COL-COLOR' cs.value() 1
Raw Color Components Mode
In this mode the sensor returns triples of the RGB color space.
import ev3dev.ev3 as ev3 cs = ev3.ColorSensor() cs.mode = 'RGB-RAW' cs.raw (354, 415, 543)
When executing the code above, some of our sensors return the following error:
Traceback (most recent call last): […] struct.error: unpack requires a buffer of 6 bytes
In this case you need to add a fourth “h” to the call, i.e. use
The resulting tuple will be
x is some mysterious value.
This behaviour should be consistent, i.e. should not change while using the same EV3 Brick and Color Sensor.
(We do not know why this is the case for some sensors, probably they were built with a different chip. If you find out more, please let us know.)
A touch sensors simply returns if the button at its front is currently released or being pressed.
These sensors do not support any commands or modes.
import ev3dev.ev3 as ev3 ts = ev3.TouchSensor() ts.value() 0 # [press sensor] ts.value() 1
The gyro sensor measures angular velocity and has to be calibrated initially. Make sure to keep the robot or sensor still while performing the initial calibration. Otherwise, you set a wrong base and so-called gyro drift will occur, rendering the measurements useless.
Due to high inaccuracy of the gyro sensor, its use is only recommended if your program is designed with fault tolerance in mind.
import ev3dev.ev3 as ev3 gs = ev3.GyroSensor() gs.mode = 'GYRO-CAL' # calibrate to 0 twice gs.mode = 'GYRO-CAL' gs.mode = 'GYRO-ANG' gs.value() 0 # [rotate sensor] gs.value() 33
- ev3dev Docs
- python-ev3dev Docs (API)
- internally uses ISZ-655 Single Axis Z-Gyro (dual-mass vibratory MEMS gyroscope)
- integer overflow at 32k
The ultrasonic sensor can be used to detect obstacles lying ahead. Measurements can be done in centimeters or inch. It is also possible to detect other ultrasonic sensors nearby.
Please take into account that the sensor will sometimes lock up if the mode was changed too frequently (e.g. by calling
A delay of 250ms is highly recommended avoiding sensor timeouts.
Placing the sensor at the same height, at which the bottles concaved and knobbed area is located, can lead to problems. The sensor won’t be able to register bounced sound waves due to the bottle area dispersing reflections.
import ev3dev.ev3 as ev3 us = ev3.UltrasonicSensor() us.mode = 'US-DIST-CM' # Continuous measurement in centimeters (for inch use US-DIST-IN) us.mode = 'US-SI-CM' # Single measurement in centimeters (for inch use US-SI-IN) us.distance_centimeters # Not recommended 35 us.value() # Prevents setting the mode again, just fetches the value 35